HIV / AIDS

What is HIV?
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). When HIV enters the body, it invades many cells and eventually destroys them. Some white blood cells that are an important part of the immune response are destroyed. Then the person can no longer fight off illness.

What is AIDS?
AIDS is a result of HIV infection. By the time people with HIV develop AIDS, the virus has damaged their immune systems. They then develop diseases that most healthy people can normally resist or control called opportunistic infections; such as certain pneumonia's, thrush or recurrences of childhood infections. They may also suffer from cancers rarely found among people with healthy bodily defenses. A person is diagnosed with AIDS, the end stage of HIV disease, when they develop an opportunistic infection or their T-Cell Count falls below 200.

How is HIV spread?

Key Points
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